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Commodity profile - Sesameseeds
Botanical Name
General characterstics
Sesame seed is a rich source of edible oil. Its oil content generally varies from 46 to 52 percent. Its grains may be eaten fried, mixed with sugar or in the form of sweetmeats.
The oil remains liquid even at 4 C, making it a suitable salad oil in cold countries.
Sesamum-cake is a rich source of protein, carbohydrates and mineral nutrients, such as calcium and phosphorus.
Sesame grows in the plains and at elevations up to 1,200 m. It cannot stand frost, continuous heavy rain or prolonged drought. It is grown in sandy-loam to heavy black soils. Most of the crop is confined to lighter soils and its cultivation in heavy soils is limited to certain regions.
The major linseed-growing countries are Argentina, erstwhile Russia, India, the USA, Canada, Pakistan and Australia.
In India, Madhya Pradesh leads in yield and acreage, followed by Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, Bihar, Rajasthan, Orissa, Karnataka, Assam and West Bengal. The other linseed growing states are Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab where it is grown in a very small area.
Growing season  
Fertilizer application N(kg/hec) P(kg/hec) K(Kg/hec)
  - - -
Harvesting season  
1.Sesamum oil is used as a cooking-oil in southern India. It is also used for anointing the hair and body, for manufacturing perfumed oils and for medicinal purposes.
2.The cake is edible and is eaten mixed with sugar by the working classes. It is also nutritious feed for milch cattle.
Market moving factor
1.Climate influences production of Sesame.
2.Demand for Sesame from the feed sector and fundamentals of this sector.
3.The area under cultivation, determined by the price of Sesame versus that of competitive crops such as Maize, Jowar, Bajra.
4.CBOT determines the international market movement and works as a reference market.
5.Diseases, pest infestations, epidemics and infection affect prices of Sesame
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