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Commodity profile - POTATOTRWR
Botanical Name
General characterstics
Potatoes are the world's most widely grown tuber crop and the fourth largest food crop in terms of fresh produce after rice, wheat, and maize (corn).

The major growing countries are China, Russian Federation, Poland, Ukraine and India. However, potato productivity in India is merely 16-19 tons/ha vis--vis that of European countries and USA, i.e. 30-40 tons/ha.
Potato is mainly a rabi crop and major growing states are UP, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat.

The vegetative growth of the plant is best at a temperature of 24C while tuber development is favoured at 20C. Hence, potato is grown as a summer crop in the hills and as a winter crop in the tropical and subtropical regions. The soil with pH range of 5.2-6.4 is considered to be ideal. Potato can be kept in cold storages without spoilage for 5-6 months.
Growing season  
Fertilizer application N(kg/hec) P(kg/hec) K(Kg/hec)
  - - -
Harvesting season  
Most popular form of potato among the youngsters is potato chips and it used as a vegetable. It is good for high blood pressure patient. Green part of potato has toxin, so this part should be discarded. It can be used as a facemask
Market moving factor
1. Crop development based on weather progress in key growing regions particularly cold wave and heavy rains during tuber formation. Weather condition in key growing areas during tuber formation influence potato production and crop size.
2. The potato prices become easy during harvesting period and transportation charges have an impact on potato prices also.
3. Traders, growers and stockist hold the crop in anticipation of better prices.
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