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Commodity profile - Castor Seed
Botanical Name Ricinus Communis
General characterstics
Castor is generally grown for its oil-yielding seeds. The oil content of the seeds varies from 48-52 percent in different varieties.
Castor is an important non-edible oilseed crop and is grown especially in arid and semi arid regions.
Thailand, Ethiopia, Philippines, Brazil, China and India have been the key producing countries meeting global requirements.
The major Castor growing states in India are Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh. The other states are Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Bihar, where Castor is grown in limited areas. Castor seed and oil are exported to various countries, especially European Union, US and Japan
Growing season  
Fertilizer application N(kg/hec) P(kg/hec) K(Kg/hec)
  - - -
Harvesting season  
Uses
Castor is used as a lubricant in high-speed engines and aeroplanes, in the manufacture of soaps, transparent paper, printing inks, varnishes, linoleum and plasticizers. It is also used for medicinal purpose and in lighting equipment.
The cake is used as manure while plant stalks are used as fuel or as thatching material or for preparing paper-pulp. Castor leaves are food for silk worms.
Market moving factor
1.The progress of monsoon key growing regions plays a significant role in determining prices of castor.
2.International market productions drive domestic market prices of castor seed.
3.Castor seed price tends to firm up during the planting period and eases down during the harvesting period.
4.Castor seed growers and crushers hoard the commodity before selling in expectation of better prices. This is an important factor as Castor oil can be kept in containers without spoilage for long periods.
 
 
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